The Mughal Gardens at India’s Rashtrapati Bhavan opened on February 5 to the public. These gardens were inspired by the Mughal gardens in Jammu and Kashmir.
Babur loved to build gardens in the famous Charbagh style. Charbagh refers to a garden divided into four parts. Gardens have a large pond. There are streams running into this pond. Elevated pathways provide views of colorful flowers that engage the mind and satisfy the soul. (This article in the Architectural Digest shows you how to create a Mughal garden in your backyard.)
Here are five stunning Mughal Gardens that are a must- see:
1. Nasim Bagh
Akbar built the first Mughal Gardens near Dal Lake, Kashmir in 1597.
2. The Shalimar Bagh
Jahangir and his wife Nur Jahan built the Shalimar Bagh near Kashmir’s Dal Lake. The garden was constructed on a hilly ground, making it possible to construct small waterfalls.
3. Shalimar Gardens, Lahore
This garden was inspired by its namesake in Kashmir. The Persian architect Ali Mardan Khan built a canal of 100 miles (one assumes he had help) to bring water from the foothills to water the garden.
4. Shaykhupura and Hiran Minar
Mughal Gardens often featured mausoleums. Jahangir built the Hiran Minar near Lahore as a memorial to his favorite gazelle.
5. Wah gardens
Raja Man Singh built the Way Gardens near Lahore. Thomas Moore was inspired by the gardens for his famous poem Lalla Rookh.